Callus occurs due to hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is the thickening of the skin due to pressure. Callus can occur over bony prominence, on the ball of the foot or on the heel. Callus often occur due to prolonged standing and may result in chronic pain. A callus appears as yellow or dark brown discolored skin.
Pain on weight bearing, relieved by rest.
A hard growth of skin, usually on the ball of the foot.
Increase discomfort in thin soled running shoes
Running for long periods of time (marathon runners are prone to hard skin).
Inappropriate running shoes.
Surgery to the lower extremities.
Mal-alignment of the metatarsal bones (the bone structure of the sole of the foot).
Flat feet and high arched feet.
Abnormalities of the mechanics of the lower body.
Apply a moisturizing cream twice daily.
Use pumice stone to reduce the thickness of the hard skin.
Avoid thin soled running shoes.
Buy running shoes with a good shock absorbing sole.
Never try to pare down the hard skin your self with a razor blade or a pair of scissors.